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Schizophrenia: A worldwide public health issue
There are approximately 26 million people worldwide with schizophrenia and approximately 2 million adults with schizophrenia in the United States1,2
This is greater than the number of adults suffering from rheumatoid arthritis—and 5 times the number of people with multiple sclerosis3,4
Relative prevalence of schizophrenia2-4
- Schizophrenia affects approximately 1% of the population over 18 years of age5
- The incidence of schizophrenia is 1.4x higher in males than in females, and men typically exhibit symptoms at an earlier age and have a worse prognosis5-7
- People with serious mental illness have a shorter life expectancy8
- People with schizophrenia are 12 times more likely to die from suicide than the general population9
- WHO Global Burden of Disease, 2004. http://www.who.int/healthinfo/global_burden_disease/GBD_report_2004update_full.pdf. Accessed February 29, 2012.
- Narrow WE, Rae DS, Robins LN, Regier DA. Revised prevalence estimates of mental disorders in the United States: using a clinical significance criterion to reconcile 2 surveys' estimates. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2002;59(2):115-123.
- Center for Disease Control. http://www.cdc.gov/arthritis/data_statistics/arthritis_related_stats.htm. Accessed Feb 21, 2012.
- National Multiple Sclerosis Society Web site. What we know about MS. http://www.nationalmssociety.org/. Accessed Jan 4, 2011.
- National Alliance on Mental Illness. Schizophrenia: Public Attitudes, Personal Needs. Arlington: National Alliance on Mental Illness. June 10, 2008. http://www.nami.org/SchizophreniaSurvey/SchizeExecSummary.pdf. Accessed February 28, 2012.
- Tandon R, Nasrallah HA, Keshavan S. Schizophrenia, just the facts 4. Clinical features and conceptualization. Schizophr Res. 2009;110(1-3):1-23.
- McGrath J, Saha S, Welham J, El Saadi O, MacCauley C, Chant D. A systematic review of the incidence of schizophrenia: the distribution of rates and the influence of sex, urbanicity, migrant status and methodology. BMC Med. 2004;2(1):13.
- National Association of State Mental Health Program Directors. Morbidity and mortality in people with serious mental illness. http://www.nasmhpd.org/general_files/publications/med_directors_pubs/Technical%20Report%20on%20Morbidity%20and%20Mortaility%20-%20Final%2011-06.pdf. Accessed March 9, 2012.
- Saha S, Chant D, McGrath, J. A systematic review of mortality in schizophrenia. Is the differential mortality gap worsening over time? Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2007;64(10):1123-1131.